Comoros, Fighting Climate Change.

On the island of Grand Comoros solar panels are being provided to some households that are off the grid.ComorosFighting-Climate-Change-with-the-UN

The Muslim East African nation of Comoros is beginning the process to develop its UN’s National Adaptation Plan which will guide other national efforts to address climate change.

The archipelago nation is one of the three least developed countries amongst the six African members of the UN’s Small Island Developing States (SIDS) group.

The East African state that lies in the Indian Ocean suffers low level of development with a population which is highly dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods.

Comoros archipelago is highly vulnerable to a wide range of climate change impacts. In particular changing rainfall patterns has affected the Muslim-dominated country, resulting in both floods and drought.

In 2012 a flood in one of Comoros’s islands damaged homes, reduced agricultural yields and resulted in a loss of livestock, damaged dykes and boats, which impacted livelihoods and threatened food security.

Like all SIDS, sea level rise is a major concern for the union of islands of Comoros. One hundred percent of the populations of Comoros live within 10 kilometers of the coastline.

Rising sea levels and storm surges are exacerbating coastal erosion, which is threatening infrastructure and coastal villages. The safety of fishers is also a concern.

A coastal adaptation project being implemented by the Comoran Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment in partnership with the World Bank in four coastal villages provides safety equipment for fishers (among other activities).

However, there is a need for better short-term weather forecasting so that fishers can decide whether or not to venture out on a given day.

Starting to Implement UN Programs

Comoros is in the midst of implementing some of the priority projects identified in their UN’s National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs). Three projects have begun the implementation process in Comoros with one having been completed, which focused on adaptation in the water sector.

The 98%-Muslim country is also engaged in mitigation activities. With support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Comoros is implementing a solar project in two villages on the island of Moheli.

On the island of Grand Comoros solar panels are being provided to some households that are off the grid. However, the country lacks a national strategy on renewable energy.

While there are still a lot of challenges those needs to be addressed to address climate change in Comoros, the islands nation is implementing policies and plans to address climate change in its own national contexts and in its own way.

Originally from OnIslam 2014

Author: Darvin Tocmo

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